The text from our leaflets
The text of some of our more recent leaflets are shown here. Please remember that these are copyright. You may print a copy for your own use, but if you wish to translate and/or print multiple copies please contact us for permission. Select the title you wish to view. (If the title is not here, it can be viewed on the Baha’i library.)
Education – A Baha’i View
To Bahá’ís, education is of fundamental importance. The purpose of education, from a Bahá’í point of view, is to fulfil the spiritual, intellectual, physical and practical potential of each individual. This will not only bring happiness to each person but will enable them to contribute to the general welfare of the world of humanity. The Bahá’í Writings say:
“The education and training of children is among the most meritorious acts of humankind…”
The different aspects of education are explained in this way:
“… education is of three kinds: material, human and spiritual. Material education aims at the growth and development of the body, and consists in securing its sustenance, and obtaining the means of its ease and comfort…
Human education, however, consists in civilisation and progress, that is, sound governance, social order, human welfare, commerce and industry, arts and sciences, momentous discoveries, and great undertakings….
As to divine education, it…consists in acquiring divine perfections. This is indeed true education…”
Spiritual and Moral Education
The divine perfections mentioned above are what we call moral qualities or virtues, such as kindness, generosity, honesty, trustworthiness and so on. Bahá’ís see acquiring these virtues as the fundamental part of educating a child. All else flows from this.
For this reason, most Bahá’í communities run weekly children’s classes in their local area. These are for all children, not just the children of Bahá’ís, and the main purpose for the early years is to teach the different virtues, and how they can be practised and developed. Bahá’ís want to help each child to fulfil their potential and to become a force for good, for:
“Every child is potentially the light of the world…”
Bahá’ís lay great stress on unity. This is made easier if we understand one another’s point of view. According to the Bahá’í Writings:
“…inasmuch as ignorance and lack of education are barriers of separation among mankind, all must receive training and instruction…Universal education is a universal law.”
In most countries Bahá’í children will attend an existing local school. However, in those countries where education is not universally and freely available, the Bahá’í community will set up a school for the use of the local population. Here, adults as well as children have the opportunity to learn.
An unusual feature of Bahá’í beliefs is that, if there is no free schooling and parents are forced to make a choice, then priority should be given to daughters rather than sons:
“…most important of all is the training of girl children, for these girls will one day be mothers, and the mother is the first teacher of the child.”
Bahá’u’lláh, the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, wrote:
“Regard man as a mine rich in gems of inestimable value. Education can, alone, cause it to reveal its treasures, and enable mankind to benefit therefrom.”
Education is therefore about finding, encouraging and developing the talents of each child:
“Give them the advantage of every useful kind of knowledge. Let them share in every new and rare and wondrous craft and art.”
Music is also an important aspect of education, for “…music, sung or played, is spiritual food for soul and heart.”
As Bahá’ís look towards the development of a world civilisation, a common curriculum would be helpful:
“Education is essential and all standards of training and teaching throughout the world of mankind should be brought into conformity and agreement; a universal curriculum should be established…”
Bahá’ís believe that there should be a world language and script, chosen or invented, which would be taught in all schools:
“They would, in this way, be acquiring only two languages, one their own native tongue, the other the language in which all the peoples of the world would converse.”
One of the basic Bahá’í principles is that individuals should investigate truth for themselves. Bahá’í children are therefore encouraged to learn about different beliefs and to respect them. Indeed, Bahá’ís see all religions as part of the same one religion of God, revealed in different places and at different times throughout the ages.
Bahá’ís teach their children to see themselves as world citizens so that prejudices of gender, race or nation will not appear and they will appreciate that we all hold responsibility for our common home, this earth.
Bahá’ís use the term “junior youth” to describe those aged from about 11 to 14, who are at a stage when they are thinking about the world and their place in it. Bahá’ís and friends run local junior youth groups for young people of this age. In these groups the young people learn to value themselves and to think carefully about the world around them – recognising the power and true nature of much advertising material, for example. The young people are encouraged to develop a sense of service, and to this end they plan and carry out projects which are of service to their community. The Bahá’í Writings say, of children:
“Teach them to dedicate their lives to matters of great import, and inspire them to undertake studies that will benefit mankind.”
This should be a good basis for the rest of their lives.
Methods of Education
There is no overall educational method specified in the Bahá’í Writings. However, there are a number of guidelines. For example:
“Many elementary sciences must be made clear to them in the nursery; they must learn them in play, in amusement. Most ideas must be taught them through speech, not through book-learning. One child must question the other concerning these things and the other must give the answer. In this way they will make great progress.”
should be encouraged to think for themselves – to investigate and weigh the
evidence before them with an open mind.
Bahá’ís continue with their education for the whole of their lives. From the age of 15 they join together with others in study circles where they explore how to lead a spiritual life, and learn how to run children’s classes, junior youth groups and other community-building activities. Many people who are not Bahá’ís enjoy these study circles, where everyone’s opinion is valued. They are happy to join the Bahá’ís in running children’s classes or junior youth groups for the benefit of everyone.
Bahá’ís believe that humanity will have a glorious future. As education becomes universal and spiritually based, amazing results will follow. Ignorance will no longer hold us back from realising that we are all one human family, that we all share one planet and that we need to build a peaceful world together, for:
“Knowledge is as wings to man’s life, and a ladder for his ascent.”
Climate Change – A Baha’i View
Most countries now recognise global warming as an established fact, leading to climate change across the world. We can see the effects in the worsening and more frequent extremes of weather which we experience – floods and droughts, damaging winds, heavy snowfall and record-breaking heatwaves. Most countries have also recognised that much of the cause of this global warming is our overuse of the world’s resources. We now know that the average temperature of the world is rising steadily, and that we need to stop it from rising much further. This requires drastic action from governments, companies and individuals. Otherwise we are at serious risk of destroying our own habitat, along with that of many other species.
If we only used what we need, rather than what we want, the problem would not have grown to its current size. Unfortunately the current world economic system both encourages and relies on people buying and using more and more, which simply enriches a small proportion of the population, at the expense of the rest of humanity and of the planet itself.
Bahá’u’lláh, the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, urged “moderation in all things”. Back in the 19th century He specifically warned of the effects of over-development:
“If carried to excess, civilisation will prove as prolific a source of evil as it had been of goodness when kept within the restraints of moderation. Meditate on this, O people…”
It would seem that civilisation has indeed been carried to excess and that we are now facing the consequences.
Preserving the Ecosystem
In the Bahá’í Writings there is much said about the relationship of humanity with our environment. Bahá’ís have an attitude of respect for the earth and all its creatures. We must “show forth the utmost loving-kindness to every living creature.”
Bahá’ís see the whole of creation as an entity:
“… even as the human body in this world, which is outwardly composed of different limbs and organs, is in reality a closely integrated, coherent entity, similarly the structure of the physical world is like unto a single being whose limbs and members are inseparably linked together.”
If we are all linked, then we are all dependent on one another’s existence for our own well-being.
The diversity of life forms needs to be preserved, not just to maintain an ecological balance but for our own particular benefit too. A variety of plants are required to maintain a healthy diet, as well as for medicinal purposes.
The Bahá’í Writings state that agriculture is the world’s most important industry – an obvious fact which often tends to be overlooked. The methods of agriculture, however, need to be such that an ecological balance is maintained. For example, research has shown that growing vegetable crops uses far less resources than rearing animals for food. Bahá’u’lláh’s son, to whom He passed on authority, is reported as saying, in the early part of the 20th century, that, “…our natural diet is that which grows out of the ground.”
One of the basic principles of the Bahá’í Faith is justice. Bahá’u’lláh said, “…fix your gaze under all conditions upon justice and fairness.” We all have an equal right to the world’s resources, and no-one has a right to more than his or her fair share.
Bahá’ís see global warming as fundamentally a spiritual problem. Too many of us have been using more than we should of the world’s resources. Bahá’ís believe that the material aspects of life need to be guided by spiritual principles in order to achieve a sustainable and happy life. All of the world’s great religions have this same underlying belief – none of them encourages greed or selfishness.
As individuals we all need to play our part, but this means changes in lifestyle, which require a change of heart. We need a spiritual renewal, giving us the courage and strength to make the necessary changes, for the sake of all humanity.
If we understand that our purpose in life is to learn and grow spiritually, to become better people, then we will not feel the need to acquire more and more material possessions in order to prove our worth, or to try to make ourselves happy. It is a sobering thought that the source of all our wealth is the ground which we tread beneath our feet.
Unity and Co-operation
The most fundamental principle of the Bahá’í Faith is unity. This means, firstly, that there needs to be a recognition that all human beings are of equal value, of whatever gender, race, faith or nation, and that we need to respect and to look after one another. Those of us who use a lot of the world’s resources will need to use less, to make sacrifices, in order to ensure that every individual can have enough of what they need.
Secondly, we need to work together to achieve our goals. For humanity to survive, the human habitat, like that of any other species, must be sustainable. The maintenance of a suitable environment for all living things is a global problem. Problems like climate change know no boundaries and the causes need to be tackled at a global level. Bahá’ís believe that in reality we need a form of world government to implement worldwide solutions. It must be able to manage the resources of the earth for the good of all:
“The well-being of mankind, its peace and security, are unattainable unless and until its unity is firmly established.”
Although Bahá’ís believe that the world should be organised as if it were one country, they recognise that excessive centralisation is a danger to be avoided. Each piece of the planet’s surface is held in trust by the local inhabitants as well as by mankind as a whole. We all need to ensure that our own local area contributes to the well-being of the whole world rather than having a negative impact on it.
Balance and Harmony
We upset the balance of nature at our peril:
“For every part of the universe is connected with every other part by ties that are very powerful and admit of no imbalance…”
Mankind has a faculty which plants and animals do not have, the power to discover the secrets of nature. We therefore have the responsibility to use this power only in a positive way, to ensure that balance is maintained in the world.
If we can all recognise the spiritual basis of life and make the necessary changes in lifestyle, we can solve the problem of global warming which has led to climate change. Bahá’ís are hopeful for the future:
“The Lord of all mankind hath fashioned this human realm to be a Garden of Eden, an earthly paradise. If, as it must, it findeth the way to harmony and peace, to love and mutual trust, it will become a true abode of bliss, a place of manifold blessings and unending delights. Therein shall be revealed the excellence of humankind…”
Ethical Economics – a Baha’i Approach
The systems of economics which have been tried so far have not brought prosperity to everyone. On the contrary, some people and some nations have done very well, but most people and most nations have not.
There are many teachings on economics in the Bahá’í Faith. To gain a better understanding of these, the Bahá’í economic principles need to be seen in the light of general Bahá’í beliefs. The most fundamental beliefs are, firstly, that we should treat all people, of whatever country, faith, gender, ability or degree of wealth, as of equal value as a human being. Secondly, that this earth should be seen as if it were one country, with a world government, world economic system and a world civilisation.
The current economic model depends on greater and greater consumption by the individual. This is not a sustainable model, neither is it good for the environment. Rampant materialism must give way to a more balanced view of the world, in which everyone has the right to a reasonable standard of living and in which resources can be conserved. At present, much of the developing world struggles against poverty and a world economic system which is loaded against them.
Bahá’ís believe that the following basic measures are necessary to improve matters:
- all trade barriers should be removed
- a common system of weights and measures should be adopted
- a world currency should be established
- interest rates should be set at a fair level
These measures would make trade easier between countries and remove many of the difficulties faced by less developed nations.
A Moral and Spiritual Basis
In order for improvements to be made, there needs to be a change in the general attitude of humanity. All religions teach that we should treat others as we would wish to be treated ourselves; all religions teach moral qualities such as honesty, integrity, fairness, trustworthiness and loyalty. Each individual worker and each company, as well as each level of government, needs these qualities in order to bring lasting economic benefits to all.
For example, trustworthiness is an essential quality: the world could not run successfully without it. Bahá’u’lláh, the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, said that trustworthiness is “the supreme instrument for the prosperity of the world.” In any undertaking, any business dealing, the two parties need to be able to trust one another.
In another example, companies and employees need to be loyal to one another. But this cannot be blind loyalty – both parties must respect one another and know that they will be treated fairly and honestly. Employees need to do a fair day’s work and employers need to pay them fairly for that work. Likewise, companies need to be honest with their customers and to treat them fairly and with respect. The owners of each enterprise should understand that ultimately it exists to serve humanity as a whole.
Work and the Individual
Bahá’u’lláh said that work, performed in a spirit of service, is equivalent to worshipping God. This is a very different attitude to that which many of us have; however, this spirit of service does make work more satisfying.
Bahá’u’lláh’s son, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, travelled to Europe and America and there he explained the principles of the Bahá’í economic system. For example, he said that employees should receive a share of the profits of their company. This gives workers both a greater role and a greater interest in their employment.
Equality and Justice
At a time when communism was new, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá explained that absolute equality of income and role is not practical:
“Absolute equality in fortunes, honours, commerce, agriculture, industry would end in chaos, in disorganisation of the means of existence, and in universal disappointment; the order of the community would be quite destroyed.”
Although absolute equality is not possible, extremes of poverty and wealth must certainly be eliminated. Each person has the right to the basic necessities of life but no-one has the right to more wealth than he or she can use. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá explained, more than 100 years ago, that there should be a minimum wage and that taxation laws should be designed to ensure that everyone exists within comfortable limits.
He explained a detailed system of financial support, administered by the local authority. A family whose income exceeds its needs is taxed, but a family which does not earn enough to support itself is supported by the local community.
Each local community would contribute to the national funds, if it could afford to do so, but could also be supported by national funds if necessary. The same principle would apply to national communities, who could support others or be supported themselves. This system already applies within the Bahá’í community.
In the Bahá’í system, someone who has increased their wealth by a certain amount should give a specified percentage of that increase to be used for the good of the community. This is a voluntary act and it is up to the individual to decide by how much their income has exceeded their needs. This decision therefore has a spiritual basis. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá wrote, more than a century ago:
“The time will come in the near future when humanity will become so much more sensitive than at present that the man of great wealth will not enjoy his luxury, in comparison with the deplorable poverty about him. He will be forced, for his own happiness, to expend his wealth to procure better conditions for the community in which he lives.”
Voluntary giving has certainly become more widespread during the last century. Many of us are moved to help those in need within our own communities, or indeed, across the world. A natural disaster will attract immediate help from many countries.
A Brighter Future
This voluntary giving is a hopeful sign that we are on our way to a better future. Although the implementation of certain economic principles could improve the lot of humanity, it is only when the need for justice and social equality is universally recognised that the full impact can be achieved, for in reality:
“The secrets of the whole economic question are…concerned with the world of the heart and spirit.”
When we are able to make the necessary changes to ourselves and to our economics:
“…Divine Justice will become manifest in human conditions and affairs, and all mankind will find comfort and enjoyment in life.”
Baha’u’llah – the Promised One
The Messengers of God
Bahá’ís believe that in every age God sends a Messenger to mankind. Those we know about in the past have been the great religious Teachers such as Krishna, Moses, Buddha, Christ and Muhammad. They manifest or show forth the qualities or attributes of God and teach mankind how to live. Bahá’u’lláh said:
“Every one of them is a mirror of God, reflecting naught else but His Self, His Beauty, His Might and Glory, if ye will understand.”
Each Messenger builds upon the Messages of Those gone before, leading us to new spiritual heights and bringing social teachings designed for that particular age:
“For every age requireth a fresh measure of the light of God. Every Divine Revelation hath been sent down in a manner that befitted the circumstances of the age in which it hath appeared.”
The Hindu scriptures describe it thus:
“Whenever there is a decay of righteousness, then I Myself come forth… for the sake of firmly establishing righteousness, I am born from age to age.”
All the Messengers in the past have promised that a great World Teacher would appear who would bring an age of peace to mankind. Sometimes they refer to this as the return of their own spirit, sometimes it sounds like another person, as in this from the Christian scriptures:
“I have many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit, when He the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you unto all truth…”
The Promised One
Bahá’ís believe that, although the Messengers are all different individuals, it is the same spirit, the spirit of God, which animates them all. Bahá’ís believe that Bahá’u’lláh fulfilled all the promises and prophecies of the past when He arose in Iran in the 19th century and announced His Message to mankind. Bahá’ís believe that the same spirit which was in all the Messengers is in Bahá’u’lláh.
“The Revelation, which from time immemorial, hath been acclaimed as the Purpose and Promise of all the Prophets of God, and the most cherished Desire of His Messengers, hath now, by virtue of the pervasive Will of the Almighty and at His irresistible bidding, been revealed unto men. The advent of such a Revelation hath been heralded in all the sacred Scriptures.”
The Bahá’í Writings explain that Bahá’u’lláh was the Promised One of all religions:
“To Israel He was neither more nor less than the incarnation of the ‘Everlasting Father’, the ‘Lord of Hosts’…; to Christendom, Christ returned ‘in the glory of the Father’, to Shi’ah Islam the return of the Imam Husayn; to Sunni Islam the descent of the ‘Spirit of God’; to the Zoroastrians the promised Shah-Bahram; to the Hindus the reincarnation of Krishna; to the Buddhists the fifth Buddha.”
The name Bahá’u’lláh means ‘the Glory of God’ or ‘Glory of the Lord’. This title is mentioned in many prophecies:
“To Him Isaiah, the greatest of the Jewish prophets, had alluded as the ‘Glory of the Lord’, the ‘Everlasting Father’, the ‘Prince of Peace’, the ‘Wonderful’, the ‘Counsellor’.”
The Promised Day of God
This is the day for which mankind has been hoping and waiting for thousands of years:
“Verily I say, this is the Day in which mankind can behold the Face, and hear the Voice, of the Promised One… Great indeed is this Day! The allusions made to it in all the sacred Scriptures as the Day of God attest its greatness. The soul of every Prophet of God, of every Divine Messenger, hath thirsted for this wondrous Day.”
This is the day when the will of God will be done upon all the earth:
“The time foreordained unto the peoples and kindreds of the earth is now come. The promises of God, as recorded in the holy Scriptures, have all been fulfilled. Out of Zion hath gone forth the Law of God, and Jerusalem, and the hills and land thereof, are filled with the glory of His Revelation.”
The law of God did indeed go forth from the Holy Land – Bahá’u’lláh was exiled there and wrote to the kings and rulers of the earth, proclaiming His Message. He explained how they should govern their peoples and what they needed to do to bring peace to the world.
This is the promised Age of Peace:
“This is the Day in which God’s most excellent favours have been poured out upon men, the Day in which His most mighty grace hath been infused into all created things. It is incumbent upon all the peoples of the world to reconcile their differences, and with perfect unity and peace, abide beneath the shadow of the Tree of His care and loving-kindness.”
The Message for this Day
Bahá’u’lláh re-emphasised and expanded the spiritual teachings found in all religions. He also brought many teachings specifically for the age we live in today. Here are some examples of these:
“It is not for him to pride himself who loveth his own country, but rather for him who loveth the whole world. The earth is but one country and mankind its citizens.”
“…among the teachings… is the equality of women and men. The world of humanity has two wings… Not until both wings are equally developed can the bird fly.”
“It is important to limit riches, as it is also of importance to limit poverty. Either extreme is not good.”
“The day is approaching when all the peoples of the world will have adopted one universal language and one common script… These things are obligatory and absolutely essential.”
“Should any king take up arms against another, all should unitedly arise and prevent him.”
“Peace must first be established among individuals, until it leadeth in the end to peace among nations.”
“The gift of God to this enlightened age is the knowledge of the oneness of mankind and of the fundamental oneness of religion. War shall cease between nations, and by the will of God the Most Great Peace shall come….”
The New Age
“…this is the Day which the one true God… hath announced in all His Books unto His Prophets and His Messengers.”
Bahá’ís believe that the coming of Bahá’u’lláh
brought the prophetic cycle to an end. His coming marks the dawn of the maturity of mankind. In this age we will achieve the unity of the peoples of the world. In this age we will achieve peace. The Message of Bahá’u’lláh begins a new cycle in the history of mankind: the future Messengers of this cycle will build on the foundations of the laws of Bahá’u’lláh.
The Bahá’í community is still at an early stage in its development but it is inclusive of people from all faiths, countries and backgrounds. All are working to build a new civilisation built on spirituality, love and justice.
Bahá’u’lláh said that we should look at things with an open mind. No one else can decide our response to His Message:
“O people! The Day, promised unto you in all the Scriptures, is now come. Fear ye God, and withhold not yourselves from recognising the One Who is the Object of your creation.”